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Age Mastered Skills Emerging Skills Advanced Skills
1 month
  • Lifts head when lying on tummy
  • Responds to sounds
  • Stares at faces
  • Follows objects briefly with eyes
  • Vocalises: oohs and aahs
  • Can see black-and-white patterns
  • Smiles, laughs
  • Holds head at 45-degree angle
2 months
  • Vocalises: gurgles and coos
  • Follows objects across field of vision
  • Notices his hands
  • Holds head up for short periods
  • Smiles, laughs
  • Holds head at 45-degree angle
  • Makes smoother movements
  • Holds head steadily
  • Can bear weight on legs
  • Lifts head and shoulders when lying on tummy (mini push-up)
3 months
  • Recognises your face and scent
  • Holds head steadily
  • Visually tracks moving objects
  • Squeals, gurgles and coos
  • Blows bubbles
  • Recognises your voice
  • Does mini push-ups
  • Rolls over, from tummy to back
  • Turns toward loud sounds
  • Can bring hands together, bats at toys
4 months
  • Smiles, laughs
  • Can bear weight on legs
  • Coos when you talk to him
  • Can grasp a toy
  • Rolls over, from tummy to back
  • Imitates sounds: “baba”, “dada”
  • Cuts first tooth
  • May be ready for solid food
5 months
  • Distinguishes between bold colours
  • Plays with his hands and feet
  • Recognises own name
  • Turns toward new sounds
  • • Rolls over in both directions
  • Sits momentarily without support
  • Mouths objects
  • Separation anxiety may begin
6 months
  • Turns toward sounds and voices
  • Imitates sounds
  • Rolls over in both directions
  • Is ready for solid food
  • Sits without support
  • Mouths objects
  • Passes objects from hand to hand
  • Lunges forward or starts crawling
  • Jabbers and combines syllables
  • Drags objects toward himself
7 months
  • Sits without support
  • Drags objects toward herself
  • Lunges forward or starts crawling
  • Jabbers or combines syllables
  • Starts to experience stranger anxiety
  • Waves goodbye
  • Stands while holding onto something
  • Bangs objects together
  • Begins to understand object permanence
8 months
  • Says “mama” and “dada” to both parents (isn’t specific)
  • Passes objects from hand to hand
  • Stands while holding on to something
  • Crawls
  • Points at objects
  • Searches for hidden objects
  • Pulls self to standing position, cruises
  • Picks things up with thumb-finger pincer grasp
  • Indicates wants with gestures
9 months
  • Stands while holding on to something
  • Jabbers and combines syllables
  • Understands object permanence
  • Cruises while holding onto furniture
  • Drinks from a sippy cup
  • Eats with fingers
  • Bangs objects together
  • Plays peek-a-boo
  • Says “mama” and “dada” to the correct parent
10 months
  • Waves goodbye
  • Pick things up with pincer grasp
  • Crawls well, with belly off the ground
  • Says “mama” and “dada” to correct parent
  • Indicates wants with gestures
  • Stands alone for a few seconds
  • Puts objects into a container
11 months
  • Says “mama” and “dada” to correct parent
  • Plays “peek-a-boo”
  • Stands alone for a couple of seconds
  • Cruises
  • Understands “no” and simple instructions
  • Puts objects into a container
  • Says one word besides “mama” and “dad”
  • Stoops from standing position
12 months
  • Imitates others
  • Indicates wants with gestures
  • Takes a few steps
  • Says one word besides “mama” and “dada”
  • Walks alone
  • Scribbles with crayon
  • Says two words besides “mama” and “dada”
13 months
  • Uses two words skilfully e.g. “hi” and “bye”
  • Bends over and picks up an object
  • Enjoys gazing at his reflection
  • Holds out arm or leg to help you dress him
  • Combines words and gestures to make needs known
  • Rolls a ball back and forth
14 months
  • Eats with fingers
  • Empties containers of contents
  • Imitates others
  • Toddles well
  • Imitates games
  • Points to one body part when asked
  • Responds to instructions e.g. give me a kiss
  • Uses a spoon or fork
  • Matches lids with appropriate containers
  • Pushes and pulls toys while walking
15 months
  • Plays with balls
  • Uses three words regularly
  • Walks backward
  • Scribbles with crayon
  • Runs
  • Adopts “no” as his favourite word
  • “Helps” around the house
  • Puts his fingers to his mouth and says, “shhh”
16 months
  • Turns the pages of a book
  • Has temper tantrums when frustrated
  • Becomes attached to a soft toy or other object
  • Discovers the joy of climbing
  • Stacks three blocks
  • Uses spoon or fork
  • Learns the correct way to use common objects e.g. the telephone
  • Takes off one piece of clothing himself
  • Gets finicky about food
  • Switches from two naps to one
17 months
  • Uses six words regularly
  • Enjoys pretend games
  • Likes riding toys
  • Feeds doll
  • Speaks more clearly
  • Throws a ball underhand
  • Dances to music
  • Sorts toys by colour, shape, or size
  • Kicks ball forward
18 months
  • Will “read” books on his own
  • Scribbles well
  • Strings two words together in phrases
  • Brushes teeth with help
  • Stacks four blocks
  • Throws a ball overhand
  • Takes toys apart and puts them back together
  • Shows sig of toilet training readiness
19 months
  • Uses a spoon and fork
  • Runs
  • Throws a ball underhand
  • Enjoys helping around the house
  • Understands as many as 200 words
  • Recognises when something is wrong e.g. calling a dog a cat
  • Washes and dries own hands with help
  • Points to picture or object when you call it by name
  • May know when she needs to pee
20 months
  • Feeds dolls
  • Takes off own clothes
  • Dumps an object in imitation e.g. throwing garbage
  • Learns words at a rate of ten or more a day
  • Can walk up stairs (but probably not down)
  • May start exploring genitals
  • Draws a straight line
  • Names several body parts
21 months
  • Can walk up stairs
  • Able to set simple goals e.g. decide to put a toy in a certain place
  • Throws a ball overhand
  • Kicks ball forward
  • Stacks six blocks
  • Names simple pictures on a book
  • Can walk down stairs
22 months
  • Kicks ball forward
  • Follows 2-step requests e.g. get your doll and bring it here
  • Does simple puzzles
  • Draws a straight line
  • Names several body parts
  • Puts on loose-fitting clothes
  • Might be ready for a big bed
  • Understand opposites e.g. tall vs short
23 months
  • Names simple pictures in a book
  • Uses 50 to 70 words
  • Opens doors
  • Sings simple tunes
  • Takes more interest in playing with other kids
  • Talks about self (likes, dislikes)
  • Asks “why?”
24 months
  • Names at least six body parts
  • Half of speech is understandable
  • Makes two- to three-word sentences
  • Talks about self
  • Arranges things in categories
  • Can walk down stairs
  • Begins to understand abstract concepts e.g. sooner and later
  • Becomes attuned to gender differences
  • Learns to jump
25-26 months
  • Stacks six blocks
  • Walks with smooth heel-to-toe motion
  • Uses pronouns e.g. I, me, you
  • Washes and dries own hands
  • Speaks clearly most of the time
  • Draws a vertical line
27-28 months
  • Jumps with both feet
  • Opens doors
  • Understands descriptions e.g. big, soft, etc.
  • Draws a vertical line
  • Starts to recognise ABCs
  • Balances on one foot
29-30 months
  • Brushes teeth with help
  • Washes and dries own hands
  • Draws a vertical line
  • Draws a circle
  • Balances on one foot
  • Puts on a T-shirt
  • Names one colour
  • Names one friend
31-32 months
  • Recites own name
  • Draws a circle
  • Puts on a T-shirt
  • Balances on each foot for a second
  • Recognises ABCs
  • Brushes teeth by herself
  • Uses two adjectives
  • Draws a cross
  • Points to objects described by use
33-34 months
  • Names one colour
  • Names one friend
  • Carries on a simple conversation
  • Alternate feet going up and down stairs
  • Uses prepositions e.g. on, in, over
  • Speaks clearly most of the time (75% can be understood)
  • Stacks eight blocks
  • Is toilet trained during the day
  • Wiggles thumb
  • Expresses a wide range of emotions
  • Draws a stick figure
35-36 months
  • Describes how two objects are used
  • Uses three to four words in a sentence
  • Names two actions e.g. skipping, jumping
  • Hops and skips
  • Follows a two- or three- part command
  • Separates fairly easily from parents
  • Rides a tricycle
  • Balances on each foot for three seconds
  • Gets dressed without help

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